1. Start early. Anyone who has to post an essay in a week and only starts one day before will get stressed out and probably will not write as good a text as someone who takes more time.
2. Plan fixed writing times. Reserve fixed dates for writing that are not interrupted by appointments or leisure activities. The time windows may vary depending on the age and difficulty of the essay, but should not be too short and not too long.
3. Plan enough breaks. At the latest after one hour you should give yourself a short (!) Break and move. This relaxes the muscles and provides new energy.
4. Work undisturbed. Therefore avoid all possible distractions. This also includes watching television, making phone calls or checking the social media again and again.
Finally: practice, practice, practice
As with almost all skills and abilities, it also means write the essay: practice, practice, practice! Many of the tips above are very helpful when you need to write an essay. However, it will be even easier if you use these tips not only sporadically for the next essay. Class is when you internalize them and develop a routine or personal pattern through regular practice, after which you write an essay. This saves time that you can invest elsewhere in your essay.
In addition, you can practice almost any kind of essay in your everyday life. For example, try writing the content of the texts you read in your spare time. You will find that you gain security quickly and that writing this essay form is becoming easier and easier. On the other hand, testimonials can be practiced well with the help of a diary. To practice the characterization of people, you can also use movies.
Infobox: Try the following
Pick a character from your favorite series and try writing a little essay with characterization about her. You may not need such an essay for the class at school or the seminar at the university, but each practice enhances your skills and abilities for the next essay.
The most common types of essays:
Summary: The summary is about summarizing the essential contents of a (mostly fictional) text. The goal is that the reader knows all the essentialevents and characters relevant to the plot. The summary should include the following information:
- scene of action
- action time
- important figures
- Characteristics of the characters (what do they think, what do they feel, how do they act?)
- important events and their context
Interpretation: The interpretation is the interpretation of a text against the background of a specific question. This question may relate to the time of origin, the text form or a specific topic. Basis of the interpretation is the analysis of content and language. This includes / include:
- the use of rhetorical stylistic devices and their effects
- Abnormalities in the structure of the text (structure, sentence structure, grammar)
- other special features
Characterization: The characterization describes the detailed description of a figure from a (fictitious) text. All the attributes that you attribute to the person in your essay must be traceable from the text. As evidence for this, quotations from the text are to be used. Depending on which specifications exist for the essay, may, may or should be worked out at the end of the characterization, which influence the figure has on significant events of the action. The characterization often follows the following pattern:
- outer appearance
- current situation (social position, contacts)
- Behavior (habits and habits)
- thoughts and feelings
Discussion: The discussion presents a factual examination of a particular text or topic. The aim of this essay is to answer a concrete question from the arguments in the text or through free argumentation. Essential components of a discussion are:
- Pros and cons arguments
- Examples as proof of the arguments
- personal statement
Essay: On the one hand, the English term for the word “essay” and is therefore often used synonymous with essay. On the other hand Essay in German also denotes a certain essay type. In this sense, an essay is closely related to the discussion, because both are about dealing with a text or theme. The essay usually follows the same structure as the very factual discussion, but differs from it mainly by the
- pictorial language
- Use of various stylistic devices (often: irony)
- the focus on one’s own opinion
Retelling: in the retelling be The task is to reproduce a short story, a novel or a fable in your own words. It is important that the content, ie time, place and figures of the action remain unchanged. The challenge is to tell the same story in a different but vivid way, like the original. Must include: admit. It is important that the content, ie time, place and figures of the action remain unchanged. The challenge is to tell the same story in a different but vivid way, like the original. Must be included:
- all important actions (in the right order!)
- all important people
- stylistic similarities
- the retention of verbal utterances (“direct speech”) wherever they appear in the original
Free narrative: In the free narrative, it is important to write a story on a specific topic or using specific words. It begins with an introduction, in which the place and time of action as well as the important persons are presented. It goes over into the main part, in which the action is driven. The tension increases up to a peak, which should be reached at the end of the main part. In the final part of the arc drops off again and the storylines are merged. In the free narrative, you have the choice between different
- Narrative forms: first-person narrator, omniscient (authorial), personal or neutral narrator
- Tenses: past or present
- Ends: closed, surprising or open finish
Experience report: In an experience report you describe a certain event that you have experienced yourself. Often the overriding topic is given for the essay. Examples of popular topics are holidays, experiences with animals, at school, friends. Important in an experience report is:
- Limited to a single experience
- detailed and detailed description
- Staying true, that is, not exaggerating, decorating or inventing
- Narration time: past tense
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